During the first two centuries of their rule over China, the Qing sovereigns either strictly controlled or even forbade Chinese migration to Manchuria (present day Northeast China). Yet in the early years of the dynasty, for a very brief period (1653-1668), the rulers not only allowed Chinese immigration to their motherland, but proactively encouraged it by establishing alluring incentives for settlers and settler recruiters. However, only one case of full application of such regulations is documented in the sources, suggesting that either the court and the authorities were reluctant to implement the policy or that there were other obstacles. Previous research on this topic only focused on the issuing and the abrogation of the settler recruitment program. This paper will inquire into the process of its implementation, so to be able to better evaluate the importance of such policies and interpret the rulers’ attitude toward the migratory phenomenon in this phase.

Back when the Gates were Opened: the Settler Recruitment Policy in Early Qing Manchuria

Agostino Sepe
In corso di stampa

Abstract

During the first two centuries of their rule over China, the Qing sovereigns either strictly controlled or even forbade Chinese migration to Manchuria (present day Northeast China). Yet in the early years of the dynasty, for a very brief period (1653-1668), the rulers not only allowed Chinese immigration to their motherland, but proactively encouraged it by establishing alluring incentives for settlers and settler recruiters. However, only one case of full application of such regulations is documented in the sources, suggesting that either the court and the authorities were reluctant to implement the policy or that there were other obstacles. Previous research on this topic only focused on the issuing and the abrogation of the settler recruitment program. This paper will inquire into the process of its implementation, so to be able to better evaluate the importance of such policies and interpret the rulers’ attitude toward the migratory phenomenon in this phase.
In corso di stampa
Qing Manchuria, settlers, recruiters, civil administration, District Magistrates, Kong Yuhui, He Jinxu, Hu Yueying
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14091/11901
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